E-Scooter trial laws and road rules
A trial of e-scooters (electric scooters) has been approved to take place in the Adelaide CBD. E-scooters have become popular in many cities around the world and may offer a sustainable alternative transport option for short journeys in the future.
The City of Adelaide will monitor and evaluate the trial. Any further consideration of expanding use outside of the trial will be considered pending the outcomes of the trial.
E-scooter trial area
The trial is limited to the Adelaide CBD area as shown in the map below. Download the map here. (JPG, 1261 KB)
E-scooter laws and road rules
The only e-scooters allowed to be used in the trial area are those operated subject to a business permit issued by the City of Adelaide. For more information please visit City of Adelaide.
- Must be at least 18 years old
- Must wear an approved bike helmet that is securely fitted
- May ride on footpaths and shared paths unless otherwise prohibited
- May ride on a road only when crossing or to avoid an obstruction for up to 50m. If road travel is required, riders:
- Must travel less than 50m along the road to avoid the obstruction;
- Must keep as far to the left as possible; and
- Must obey any traffic signals.
- Must NOT ride on a road:
- with a dividing line or median strip, or
- where the speed limit is 50 km/h or more
- which is one-way with more than 1 marked lane
- if otherwise prohibited
- Must not ride in a bike lane or bus lane
- Must use a warning (e.g. bell, horn or verbal) to avert danger
- Must have proper control at all times and ride with due care and reasonable consideration for other persons
- Must use a flashing or steady white light at the front and a flashing red light and reflector at the back of the device when riding at night or in hazardous conditions
- Must not exceed 15km/h or a lesser speed if required in the circumstances to stop safely to avert danger
- Must not ride abreast
- Must not carry passengers
- Must not have a BAC (blood alcohol concentration) of 0.05 or more or the presence of THC (Cannabis), Methylamphetamine (Speed) or MDMA (Ecstasy) in their blood or oral saliva
- Must not use a mobile phone whilst riding
- Must not carry scooters on public transport.
|Example of offences that may apply*||Expiation*||Max Penalty|
|Riding at speed exceeding 15km/h||$174||$2500|
|Failure to wear a helmet||$104||$2500|
|Riding without due care or attention||$104||$2500|
|Failure to maintain proper control||$104||$2500|
|Carrying, being carried as, a passenger||$104||$2500|
|Riding abreast of another scooter or skateboard||$57||$2500|
|Failing to warn a pedestrian with a bell, horn or other warning device||$57||$2500|
|Riding at night without lights||$57||$2500|
|Riding on a road with a dividing line or >50km/h||$57||$2500|
|Riding on a road with 2 or more marked lanes||$379||$2500|
|Riding under age 18||$300||$2500|
* An additional $60 Victims of Crime Levy applies. Other road rules and laws may apply.
Severe penalties apply to drivers who commit drink and drug driving offences in South Australia. Penalties may include fines, licence disqualification, demerit points and even imprisonment in some cases. More information on road rules, offences and penalties.
What is an e-scooter?
An e-scooter is a two-wheeled device powered by an electric motor and battery pack. E-scooters must have a braking system and warning device and lights must be used if ridden at night. They are lightweight and designed for use by one person only, standing up. For the purposes of this trial the devices are being defined in South Australian regulations as Electric Personal Transporters. E-scooters do not include: motorised wheelchairs and mobility scooters (Gophers) typically used by people with mobility difficulties; moped scooters with internal combustion engines; electric bicycles and Pedelecs; kick scooters.
Do I need a driver’s licence?
You do not need a driver’s licence or learner permit to participate in this trial, which is limited to the Adelaide CBD trial area during. Note that some road rules and laws may impose penalties on a driver’s licence or learner’s permit including demerit points, licence disqualification.
Can I ride my own e-scooter?
You can only ride your privately owned scooter on private property - not on roads, footpaths or other public spaces. Otherwise, only e-scooters owned by the operator permitted by the City of Adelaide are to be used during this trial. If you are caught riding an e-scooter not approved for this trial you may be fined for driving an unregistered and uninsured motor vehicle $1186.
Click here for more information
What will happen after the trial?
The City of Adelaide will monitor and evaluate the trial. Any further consideration of expanding use outside of the trial will be considered pending the outcomes of the trial. For information about the monitoring and evaluation of the trial please visit the City of Adelaide website.
What happens if there is a crash involving an e-scooter involved in the trial?
The rider must give all possible assistance to anyone injured and report the incident to Police.
If you are involved in a collision while riding an e-scooter, you should contact the operator. Find operator information on the City of Adelaide website. For this trial the operator is required to hold public liability insurance.
If you are involved in a collision between a car and an electric scooter you may be covered by the CTP insurance associated with the vehicle if the vehicle is at fault. For more information call the CTP Regulator on 1300 303 558 or visit www.ctp.sa.gov.au.
It is an offence to ride a privately owned e-scooter or one owned by an operator without a permit.
Can I take an e-scooter on public transport?
E-scooters are not allowed on buses, trams or trains. E-scooters are not to be taken outside the trial area.
What are the benefits of these types of vehicles?
E-scooters can be a low cost, attractive and convenient travel option for people wanting minimal exertion. They are compact and portable, taking up less parking or storage space than a bike. Other potential benefits may include increased travel independence for users; an alternative to the motor vehicle for greater mobility choice; environmental benefits such as reduced pollution and greenhouse gas emissions and reduced noise.