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The Hazard Perception Test

Safe gaps - Making U turns

U turns are more complicated than right turns as you need to look for traffic approaching from behind you and traffic coming towards you. Some advice on coping with them is included as they are obviously hazardous for new drivers.

Waiting to perform U-turn

Features of U turns
U turns are sharper than right turns. You have to cover more road to complete the U turn. Because it is a very tight turn, usually from a stationary (stand still) position, you usually can't accelerate quickly until you have completed the turn, so you need to be sure the gap is long enough to let you get up to the speed of the stream of traffic you are entering. As with other turns, the faster the traffic, the more time and space you will need to complete a U turn.

A word of caution
U turns are difficult and potentially dangerous, particularly on busy high speed roads. Unless you really have to make a U turn, don't! An alternative is to turn into a side street where it is quieter and safer, make a three point turn and then turn back onto the road you left. There is no shame in doing this. Experienced drivers do it all the time.

Key points summary: Safe gaps - U turns

  • U turns can be difficult and dangerous
  • if it is dangerous to do a U-turn, don't - do a three-point turn in a side street instead
  • You must give way to all other vehicles, pedestrians and other road users


Give way to all other vehicles and pedestrians

Remember, when making a U turn you must give way to all other vehicles and pedestrians - so make sure it is safe.



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